Step 1. Identifying the Social Situation for the Intervention
- Refer to the learner’s Individualized Education Plan (IEP)/Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) to identify potential intervention targets.
- Discuss goals with team members, including family and learner.
- Select a social behavior that will result in positive social interactions, a safer environment, and/or additional social learning opportunities.
Step 2. Defining the Target Behavior or Skill
Clearly define the target behavior or skill so that it is observable and measurable.
Step 3. Collecting Baseline Data
- Determine the type of data (e.g., permanent product, assessment) needed to assess the target skill.
- Collect data on at least three occasions over three to five days to determine the learner’s skills prior to intervention.
Step 4. Implementing the Social Skills Training
Determine the instructional techniques to be used in SST. Techniques could include (but are not limited to) modeling, role-playing, shaping, feedback, and reinforcement.
Step 5. Monitoring Learner Progress
- Collect data to measure the effectiveness of the social skills intervention on the target behavior or skill for a minimum of two weeks.
- Ask others who work or live with the learner to collect data on the target behavior across settings.
Step 6. Reviewing Data and Modifying the SST if Necessary
- Depending on intervention findings, continue or adapt the SST.
- When the SST procedures are altered (modification in narrative or frequency), change only one variable at a time.
- Collect and review data following each adaptation or change.
Step 7. Addressing Generalization and Maintenance of Learned Behavior or Skill
- Promote generalization of the target skill by including multiple peers and/or adults in the SST process.
- Promote maintenance of the target skill by fading the use of the SST.