Step 1. Identifying the Target of Instruction
A. Refer to the learner's Individualized Education Plan (IEP) or Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) to identify goals.
B. Discuss goals with IFSP/IEP team members, including family and learner.
C. Select and operationalize an observable and measurable goal as a target of instruction.
Step 2. Collecting Baseline Data
- Collect baseline data appropriate for the targeted skill.
- Collect data on at least three occasions to establish an accurate baseline for the targeted skill.
Step 3. Arranging the Environment to Elicit the Target Behavior
- Choose motivating materials/activities to engage learners and promote the use of target skills.
- Manage and distribute teaching materials in a way that encourages learners to communicate.
Step 4. Modeling the Target Behavior
- Establish shared attention.
- Provide a model for the learner to follow.
- Expand the response and provide the requested material (if the learner gives the target response), and/or provide the material and state the target response (if the learner still does not give the target response or repeat the model exactly).
Step 5. Monitor Intervention Effectiveness
- Develop a system to monitor the effectiveness of the intervention that outlines when, where, by whom, and how data are collected.
- Modify the program to reflect the learner’s progress by changing steps (either to higher or lower levels) as needed.
- Review mastered programs and continue to teach them as “maintenance” trials.