The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB; United States Military Entrance Processing Command, 2002) is a norm-referenced vocationally-focused, multiple-aptitude assessment that measures developed abilities and predicts occupational success in the military. The scores are used primarily to determine enlistment eligibility, assign applicants to military jobs, and aid students in career exploration. Eight test areas (general science, arithmetic reasoning, word knowledge, paragraph comprehension, mathematics knowledge, electronics information, auto and shop information, and mechanical comprehension) are combined to into three composites, or Career Exploration Scores. These scores help students understand their verbal, math, and science and technical skills compared to those of other students in the same grade. Summary results sheets explaining the derived scores may be given to school counselors to share with students and parents. Both paper and pencil and computer-adaptive version (CAT-ASVAB) are available.
Age: 16-23 years
Time to Administer: 5 hours
Method of Administration: Individually administered, norm-referenced paper-and- pencil or computerized adaptive testing administered by the military at no cost to students in grades 10–12 and two-year postsecondary schools; 200 multiple-choice items assess academic ability/predict occupational success; results interpreted by military; report is available from high-school counselors
Yields grade-specific, gender-specific, and combined standard scores and score bands for eight tests, three Career Exploration Scores (provided specifically to help students engage in career exploration); composite scores, percentile- based interpretations
Subscales: Assesses academic ability and predicts occupational success in eight test areas (general science, arithmetic reasoning, word knowledge, paragraph comprehension, mathematics knowledge, electronics information, auto and shop information, mechanical comprehension) with three Career Exploration scores. Each armed services area has separate requirements and separate sets of score derivations. The ASVAB report generates composite scores for specialty areas designated by each armed services area by combining various scores (of the eight areas assessed). Composites are compared to predetermined cutoff scores for the areas of specialty as designated by each armed forces branch
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