Step 1. Identifying the Target Skill
Identify the target skill that the learner with ASD should acquire.
Step 2. Identifying the Prerequisite Skills of the Learner and the Materials Needed to Teach the Task
- Determine whether the learner has the required prerequisite skills needed to learn the task.
- Define the necessary materials needed to teach the task.
Step 3. Breaking the Skill into Components
- Segment the target skill into more manageable components by:
- completing the skill personally and recording each step or
- observing another person (in real time or via video) complete the activity and recording the steps.
- Confirm that each component consists of a discrete skill.
Step 4. Confirming that the Task is Completely Analyzed
Confirm that the task is completely analyzed by having someone follow the steps verbatim.
Step 5. Determining How the Skill Will be Taught
- Select the appropriate teaching method by matching the method to:
- The learner’s temperament
- The learner’s learning style
- The history of what has and has not worked for this learner
- The learners Individualized Education Plan (IEP)/ Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP)
- The environment within with the learner functions
- Present the steps of the task analysis to the learner in an age- and developmentally appropriate manner.
Step 6. Implementing Intervention and Monitoring Progress
- Implement the evidence-based practices identified as appropriate to teach the target skills, using the steps for implementation and implementation checklist for the selected practices.
- Follow appropriate data collection procedures to monitor learner progress for the specific evidence-based practices chosen to teach the target skills.