Step 1. Identifying the Interfering Behavior
Define problem behavior by focusing on:
- What the behavior looks like (topography),
- How often the behavior occurs (frequency),
- How intense the behavior is (intensity),
- Where the behavior occurs (location), and
- How long the behavior lasts (duration).
Step 2. Identifying Data Collection Measures/Collecting Baseline Data
- Identify data collection measures to assess the interfering behavior before implementing the intervention.
- Gather baseline data on the interfering behavior.
Step 3. Determining the Function of the Behavior
- Interview team members to identify the function of the interfering behavior.
- Use direct observation methods to hypothesize the function of the interfering behavior. These may include:
- Completing Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence data charts
- Describing anecdotal observations (running log of behavior)
- Completing functional analysis to test the proposed function of the behavior
- Identify the function of the behavior as one of the following:
- Securing attention,
- Accessing tangible items,
- Escaping/avoiding a task or situation, and/or
- Sensory reinforcement
Step 4. Creating an Intervention Plan
- Clearly write out extinction procedures (when the student does __X__, we will respond by doing __Y__) by:
- preparing a list of possible learner responses to the intervention
- determining appropriate teacher/staff responses
- Describe other procedures that will be incorporated with the extinction procedure.
- Define extinction procedures to be used, such as:
- ignoring the behavior,
- removing reinforcing items or activities,
- disallowing escape from non-preferred situations, or
- preventing sensory feedback from occurring.
- Make a safety plan in case of extinction burst (when behaviors get worse before they get better).
- Discuss the intervention with all adults who are with the learner with ASD on a regular basis.
- Explain the intervention procedures to other students who are in close proximity to the learner with autism.
Step 5. Implementing the Intervention
- Wait for the behavior to occur and respond by:
- planned ignoring,
- denied access,
- escape extinction, and/or
- sensory extinction.
- Promote a replacement behavior using a complementary intervention approach.
- Continue to respond as planned for the duration of behavior.
Step 6. Collecting Outcome Data
- Collect outcome data that focus on:
- what the behavior looks like (topography),
- how often the behavior occurs (frequency),
- where the behavior occurs (location),
- how intense the behavior is (intensity), and
- how long the behavior lasts (duration).
- Collect data in the setting where the behavior occurs.
- Compare intervention data to baseline data to determine the effectiveness of the intervention.
Step 7. Reviewing the Intervention
- Discuss results with all team members to determine its effectiveness.
- Modify the intervention plan if the learner continues to exhibit the interfering behavior by:
- changing the way team members respond,
- changing the length of time they ignore or respond,
- expanding the plan to other settings,
- having other team members implement the intervention plan, and/or
- adapting the plan to new behaviors that may have arisen.
- Continue to collect data at least weekly to determine the effectiveness of the intervention.
- Identify new interfering behaviors as they arise.