Applied behavior analysis (ABA) methods are extremely varied and range from training children in school and home settings to helping large organizations implement broad organizational change. Consequently, there is not a specific set of steps that are consistently followed. However, ABA principles suggest some consistent features.
- Identify a target behavior. The behavior must be defined in observable and measurable terms.
- Set the criteria for behavior change. The target behavior needs to be socially valid: will changing this behavior make a meaningful difference in this person’s life?
- Determine the most efficient way to measure the behavior.
- Determine the method for visual representation of the behavior change, based on the graphic display that will best represent the behavioral data (e.g., graphs, charts).
- Determine the treatment design and intervention.
- Begin the intervention by collecting baseline data.
- Include generalization and maintenance in the behavior change plan.
- Evaluate the effectiveness of the behavior change plan, based on the data analysis.
- Monitor behavior change and make changes to the plan as determined by the data analysis.