Not all of the sensory processing or sensory integration measures reviewed in this summary have been standardized for or even studied with children with ASD. However, published research on these instruments that is available is included below.
The Sensory Profile series (Sensory Profile 2, and the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile) have been studied more within the ASD population than any other instrument included in this section. Findings with this series include: (a) children and adolescents reported more atypical sensory symptoms than typically developing peers, particularly within the auditory modality (Stewart et al., 2016); (b) that these symptoms negatively affect school functioning (Howe & Stagg, 2016); (c) sensitivity to and avoidance of are the most likely ways that children with ASD experience sensory issues (Simpson, Adams, Alston-Knox, Heussler, & Keen, 2019); (d) sensory hypersensitivity significantly predict repetitive behaviors, and this was found among those who did not have ASD, as well, though both repetitive behaviors and sensory problem scores were higher among those diagnosed (Schulz & Stevenson, 2019); and (e) the Sensory Profile was able to discriminate between children with ASD and those without (Ermer & Dunn, 1998; Kientz & Dunn, 1997; Watling, Deitz, & White, 2001).
Other ASD-related studies using other measures included in this section included that, on the SIPT and SPM, children with ASD display strengths in visuopraxis and difficulties with somatopraxis and vestibular functions, which appeared to greatly affect social participation (Roley, Mailloux, Parham, Schaaf, Lane, & Cermack, 2015). In a recent study, Dugas and colleagues (2018) found that the SPM Home Form was better able to identify children with ASD who presented with sensory features for every domain, compared with the Sensory Profile. Hearing and touch were the areas most likely affected by sensory dysfunction among young children with ASD, and teachers (vs. parents) were more likely to endorse effects in social participation affected by these problems (Fernandez-Andres et al., 2015).