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Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication-Handicapped Children (TEACCH)

The TEACCH (Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication-Handicapped Children) approach utilizes the relative strengths of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (Schopler et al., 1995) and is appropriate for individuals of all ages and developmental levels. TEACCH uses the principles of structured teaching to support individuals with ASD in understanding their world better and enables them to be more independent and productive.

Description

The Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication-Handicapped Children (TEACCH) program is a comprehensive structured teaching approach designed for individuals with autism and communication disabilities and their families. The TEACCH program was developed by Eric Schopler in the late 1970s and is administered through the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The TEACCH method provides students with developmentally appropriate structure and organization in the learning environment, which moderates challenges students with ASD may encounter.

The principles of TEACCH’s structured teaching include:

  • Understanding the culture of autism
  • Developing an individual- and family-centered plan for each student, rather than using a standard curriculum
  • Structuring the physical environment in a way that will assist students with autism to understand meaning
  • Using visual supports to make the sequence of daily activities predictable and understandable
  • Using visual supports to make individual tasks understandable

Research Summary

Ages (yrs) Skills Settings
3-16 Social, communication, behavior, social-cognitive, interpersonal, emotional regulation, adaptive Home, school, community
Components that make up this curriculum have support as EBP from evidence of NPCD and NAC.

Outcomes:     Evidence-based     Emerging     No evidence     Comprehensive

Steps for Implementation

 

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