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Naturalistic Intervention (NI)

Naturalistic intervention (NI) is a collection of practices designed to encourage specific target behaviors based on learners’ interests. It occurs within the typical settings, activities, and/or routines in which the learner participates.

Description

Naturalistic intervention (NI) is a collection of practices including environmental arrangement, interaction techniques, and strategies based on applied behavior analysis principles. These practices are designed to encourage specific target behaviors based on learners’ interests by building more complex skills that are naturally reinforcing and appropriate to the interaction. Naturalistic intervention occurs within typical settings, activities, and/or routines in which the learner participates.

NI meets evidence-based criteria with 10 single-case design studies. According to the evidence-based studies, this intervention has been effective for toddlers (0–2 years) to elementary school-age learners (6–11 years) with ASD. NI can be used effectively to address social, communication, behavior, joint attention, play, and academic skills.

Brief Adapted from

Franzone, E. (2009). Overview of naturalistic intervention. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin, Waisman Center, The National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Wong, C. (2013). Naturalistic intervention (NI) fact sheet. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, The National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Research Summary

Ages (yrs) Skills Settings Outcome
0-11 years Social, communication, joint attention, play, learning readiness, academic Home, school, community
*The information found in the Research Summary table is updated yearly following a literature review of new research and this age range reflects information from this review.

Outcomes:     Evidence-based     Emerging     No evidence     Comprehensive

 

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