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The Peabody Developmental Motor Scales – Second Edition (PDMS-2)

The Peabody Developmental Motor Scales – Second Edition (PDMS-2; Folio & Fewell, 2000) is a test of gross- and fine-motor development for children from birth to 5 years old.


The gross-motor component consists of four subtests: Stationary, Locomotion, Reflexes, and Object Manipulation. Two subtests, Grasping and Visual Motor Integration, make up the fine-motor portion. The test requires the child to perform specific motor items, which are scored with a 2, 1, or 0 for each item, depending on whether the child correctly, partially, or does not complete the item according to its description. Standard scores, percentiles, and age equivalents are available, as well as quotient scores in fine- and gross-motor areas. The entire PDMS-2 can be administered in 45 to 60 minutes. Separate fine- or gross-motor subtest administration takes 20 to 30 minutes.


Author (yr) Age Range (yrs) Method of Administration/Format Approx. Time to Administer Subscales
Peabody Developmental Motor Scales – Second Edition (PDMS-2) Folio & Fewell (2000) Birth-5

Norm-referenced, clinician-administered with individuals

Performance items scored 2, 1, or 0 based on correct performance, partial performance, or unable to perform
Full test, 45–60 min.; Gross- or Fine-Motor subtests, 20–30 min. each

Reflexes, Stationary, Locomotion, Object, Manipulation, Grasping, Visual Motor Integration

Availability: Pro-Ed,

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