Skip to main content

The Degangi-Berk Test of Sensory Integration (TSI)

The DeGangi-Berk Test of Sensory Integration (DeGangi & Berk, 1983) is a criterion-referenced assessment of sensory integrative functions of children ages 3 to 5 years who demonstrate delays in sensory, motor, and perceptual skills, or who are suspected of having learning problems.

Overview

The DeGangi-Berk Test of Sensory Integration (TSI) consists of three domains: Postural Control, Bilateral Motor Integration, and Reflex Integration. The test is clinician administered and takes approximately 30 minutes. The DeGangi-Berk Test of Sensory Integration is designed to be a diagnostic tool when administered by an occupational therapist or physical therapist who is knowledgeable about sensory integration. If administered by special educators, motor developmental specialists, or therapy assistants, the test may be used as a screening tool to determine if a child warrants a more thorough sensory evaluation.

Children are asked to perform the desired task and are rated on a weighted numerical point system ranging from 0-1 to 0-4 depending on the degree of difficulty for the item. One of the major advantages of the DeGangi-Berk Test of Sensory Integration is that it allows the examiner to observe and rate the child’s performance on crossing midline, maintaining various postural positions, producing co-contraction of opposing muscle groups, and motor planning for various tasks. The test was piloted on 38 children with developmental delay, but not specifically on children diagnosed with AU. The Reflex Integration domain was found to have less than desired rigor for validity and reliability and, therefore, should be used cautiously from a diagnostic standpoint. Another possible drawback of the DeGangi-Berk Test of Sensory Integration is that the child must be able to demonstrate sustained attention to perform test items and also be able to interpret verbal instructions. Therefore, it may only be useful for children with autism who have good attention and receptive language skills.

Summary

Author (yr) Age Range (yrs) Method of Administration/Format Approx. Time to Administer Subscales
DeGangi-Berk Test of Sensory Integration DeGangi & Berk (1983) 3-5

Criterion-referenced; clinician-administered; 36 items assess postural control, bilateral coordination, and reflexes

Child-performed items are numerically rated on a scale of 0-1 or 0-4 based on the difficulty of the item

Yields scores that fall into Normal, At Risk, and Deficient categories

30 min.

Postural Control;

Bilateral Motor Integration;

Reflex Integration

Availability: Western Psychological Services, http://bit.ly/1GWcLSW

Download PDF