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The Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration – Sixth Edition (Beery VMI)

The Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration – Sixth Edition (Beery VMI; Beery, Buktenica & Beery, 2010) is a norm-referenced test used to assess the ability to integrate visual and motor abilities.

Overview

The Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration requires students to copy a sequence of geometric forms using paper and pencil. The Beery VMI can be administered in approximately 10 to 15 minutes and may be administered in groups or individually.

Two optional supplemental tests are available to assess visual and motor skills separately: the Beery VMI Visual Perception Test and the Beery VMI Motor Coordination Test. The optional tests are given if the Short Format or Full Format results indicate the need for further assessment.

Summary

Author (yr) Age Range (yrs) Method of Administration/Format Approx. Time to Administer Subscales
The Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration – 6th Edition (Beery VMI) Beery & Beery (2010) 2–100; Short Form often used with ages 2–8

Norm-referenced, clinician-administered

Administered individually or in groups

Drawings of geometric forms in order of increasing difficulty are presented to the individual, who is asked to copy them

Two Formats :Short Format and Full Format

Two supplemental tests: (a) Visual Perception (VP) – matching shapes to stimulus form; (b) Motor Coordination (MC) – tracing within a confined space

Yields standard scores, percentiles, and age equivalents

VMI: 10–15 min VP: 5 min. MC: 5 min.

N/A

Availability: Pearson, http://bit.ly/1PSImuB

Research

Author (yr) Sample Size Topic(s) Addressed Outcome
McDonald, Volker, Toomey, Thomeer, Lee, Lipinski, Dua, Schiavo, Bain, & Nelson, (2014) HFASD: 90 TD: 51 - Age Range: HFASD: 6–16 TD: 6–15 (years) Compare visual-motor skills of 90 HFASD and 51 TD using the VMI-VI and KOPPITZ-2

Within-group comparisons indicate substantive mean differences between composite scores of KOPPITZ-2 and VMI-VI. Visual perception and motor coordination sections of VMI-VI and VMI-VI composite and either VMI-VI supplemental test. Between-group differences were assessed in a matched sample of 33 participants from each group. HFASD group scored significantly lower than TD group on test sections requiring greater motor ability. Correlations between KOPPITZ-2 composite and VMI-VI composite were .56 for the HFASD, and .36 for the TD samples.

Author (yr) Sample Size Topic(s) Addressed Outcome
McDonald, Volker, Toomey, Thomeer, Lee, Lipinski, Dua, Schiavo, Bain, & Nelson, (2014) HFASD: 90 TD: 51 - Age Range: HFASD: 6–16 TD: 6–15 (years) Compare visual-motor skills of 90 HFASD and 51 TD using the VMI-VI and KOPPITZ-2

Within-group comparisons indicate substantive mean differences between composite scores of KOPPITZ-2 and VMI-VI. Visual perception and motor coordination sections of VMI-VI and VMI-VI composite and either VMI-VI supplemental test. Between-group differences were assessed in a matched sample of 33 participants from each group. HFASD group scored significantly lower than TD group on test sections requiring greater motor ability. Correlations between KOPPITZ-2 composite and VMI-VI composite were .56 for the HFASD, and .36 for the TD samples.

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