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Test of Language Development: Primary-4 (TOLD: P-4)

The Test of Language Development: Primary-4 (TOLD: P-4; Newcomer & Hammill, 2008b) contains nine subtests measuring various aspects of oral language in children ages 4 through 8 years, 11 months: picture vocabulary, relational vocabulary, oral vocabulary, syntactic understanding, sentence imitation, morphological completion, word discrimination, word analysis, and word articulation.


The results of the subtests are combined to form composite scores in semantics and grammar; listening, organizing, and speaking; and overall language ability. The purposes of this measure include identifying children who are significantly below their peers in oral language development, determining oral language strengths and concerns, and providing ongoing documentation of a child’s progress.


Author (yr) Age Range (yrs) Method of Administration/Format Approx. Time to Administer Subscales
Test of Language Development: Primary-4 (TOLD: P-4) Newcomer & Hammill (2008b) 4;0–8:11 (in years; months)

Individually administered, norm-referenced measure of language skills in preschoolers

Consists of one assessment form

Yields standard scores, percentile ranks, and age equivalent scores

1 hour

Picture Vocabulary, Relational Vocabulary, Oral Vocabulary, Syntactic Understanding, Sentence Imitation, Morphological Completion, Word Discrimination, Word Analysis, Word Articulation

Availability: Pro-Ed,

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