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Social Skills Rating System (SSRS)

The Social Skills Rating System (SSRS; Gresham & Elliot, 1990) evaluates the social behaviors of children and adolescents.


The system includes teacher, parent, and student questionnaire forms. The SSRS is intended for use with individuals ages 3 to 18. It consists of three scales, several with their own subscales: (a) the Social Skills Scale consists of the following subscales: Cooperation, Assertion, Responsibility, Empathy, and Self-Control; (b) the Problem Behaviors Scale contains three subscales: Externalizing Problems, Internalizing Problems, and Hyperactivity; and (c) the Academic Competence Scale. Items are rated by frequency and importance. Administration takes 10 to 25 minutes. The SSRS yields standard scores and percentile ranks.


Author (yr) Age Range (yrs) Method of Administration/Format Approx. Time to Administer Subscales
Social Skills Rating System (SSRS) Gresham & Elliot (1990) 3-18

Parent, teacher, and student (3rd through 12th grade) questionnaires; items are rated by frequency and importance

10-25 min.

Social Skills Scale: Cooperation; Assertion; Responsibility; Empathy; Self-Control

Problem Behaviors Scale: Externalizing Problems; Internalizing Problems; Hyperactivity

Academic Competence Scale

Availability: Pearson,

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