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School Motivation and Learning Strategies Inventory (SMALSI)

The School Motivation and Learning Strategies Inventory (SMALSI; Stroud & Reynolds, 2006) is a self-report inventory that measures 10 areas related to success in learning, learning-related motivation, and study habits.


Seven areas of student strength are measured: study strategies, note-taking/listening skills, reading/comprehension strategies, writing/research skills, test-taking strategies, organizational techniques, and time management. Three additional areas of student liability are also measured: low academic motivation, test anxiety, and concentration/attention difficulties.

A validity measure based on consistency of responses is included as part of the scoring protocol. Two forms (8–12 years, and 13–18 years) are written on a third-grade reading level and may also be presented in an audio format for students who are unable to read the items. Items are answered on a 4-point response scale. The target of this measure is learning strategies that lead to student success or failure rather than the identification of learning styles.


Author (yr) Age Range (yrs) Method of Administration/Format Approx. Time to Administer Subscales
School Motivation and Learning Strategies Inventory (SMALSI) Stroud & Reynolds (2006) 8-18

Individualized, norm-referenced measure of individual learning strategies, academic motivation and study habits; seven scales focus on student strengths; three scales focus on student liabilities. Self-report form; Child form, 8–12 years; Teen form, 13–18 years; audio version available

20-30 min.

Study Strategies; Note-Taking/ Listening Skills; Reading/ Comprehension Skills; Writing/Research Skills; Test-Taking Strategies; Organizational Techniques; Time Management; Low Academic Motivation, Test Anxiety, Concentration/Attention Difficulties

Availability: Western Psychological Services,

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