there is little research on the use of these instruments with individuals with
autism spectrum disorder. Newer versions of the assessments, such as KABC-II
and SB-5, include more detailed measures of cognitive and executive functioning
than the previous versions of these assessments. There is currently no research
on the new version of the Wechsler scales.
research suggests individuals tend to demonstrate greater rote skills and
deficits in abstract concepts. Students with Asperger Syndrome (now referred to
as autism spectrum disorder, Level 1) have been found to demonstrate a pattern
of higher verbal skills and lower performance skills, whereas students with
classic autism demonstrate higher performance skills and lower verbal skills,
as measured by the WISC-III (Meyer, 2001-2002).
there is a growing awareness that traditional methods for generating IQ scores
in lower functioning individuals with Intellectual disability (ID) are
inaccurate, leading to erroneously flat profiles (Sansone, Schneider, Bickel,
Berry-Kravis, Prescott, & Hessl, 2014).
Hagiwara, T. (2001-2002) Academic assessment of children and youth with Asperger syndrome, pervasive developmental disorders-not otherwise specified, and high-functioning autism. Assessment for Effective Intervention, 27(1 and 2), 89–100.
Klin, A., & Volkmar, F. (2000). Treatment and intervention guidelines for individuals with Asperger syndrome. In A. Klin, F. R. Volkmar, & S. S. Sparrow (Eds.), Asperger Syndrome (pp. 340–366). New York, NY: Guilford.
Lee, H. J., & Park, H. R. (2007). An integrated literature review on the adaptive behavior of individuals with Asperger Syndrome. Remedial and Special Education, 28(3), 132–139.
Mayes, S. D., & Calhoun, S. L. (2008). WISC-IV and WIAT-II profiles in children with high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(3), 428–439.
Meyer, J. (2001-2002) Cognitive patterns in autism spectrum disorders. Assessment for Effective Intervention, 27(1&2), 27-35.
Myles, B. S., Lee, H. J., Smith, S. M., Tien, K., Chou, Y., Swanson, T. C., & Hudson, J. (2007). A large-scale study of the characteristics of Asperger Syndrome. Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 42(4), 448–459
Sansone, S. M., Schneider, A., Bickel, E., Berry-Kravis, E., Prescott, C., & Hessl, D. (2014). Improving IQ measurement in intellectual disabilities using true deviation from population norms. Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders, 6(16), 14. doi: 10.1186/1866-1955-6-16