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Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC)

The Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC; Krug, Arick, & Almond, 2008) is a 57-item questionnaire to be completed by parents or teachers.

Overview

It is one component of the Autism Screening Instrument for Educational Planning – Third Edition (ASIEP-3; Krug et al., 2008). The ABC is divided into five subscales: sensory behavior, social relating, body and object use, language and communication skills, and social and adaptive skills

Summary

Author (yr) Age Range (yrs) Method of Administration/Format Approx. Time to Administer Subscales
Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC) Krug, Arick, & Almond (2008) 2 to 14

Subtest of the ASIEP-3

A 57-item questionnaire; yes/no format

Parent or teacher may complete

Yields cutoff score ranges based on different diagnoses
10-20 min.

Sensory Behavior; Social Relating; Body and Object Use; Language and Communication Skills; Social and Adaptive Skills

Screening/Diagnosis: S

** Instrument requires special training to administer.

Availability: Pro-Ed, https://www.proedinc.com/Products/12740/asiep3-autism-screening-instrument-for-educational-planning--third-edition.aspx

Research

Author (yr) Sample Size Topic(s) Addressed Outcome
Eaves & Williams (2006) 198 - Age Range: Mean age = 101.32 mos. Reliability and construct validity

r = correlation

Alpha coefficients: Reliability for Total Score – adequate for screening:

Krug, Arick, & Almond (1993): Total Score r = 0.89; Miranda-Linné & Melin (2002) scores: Total Score r = 0.86

Reliability for scales – not reliable:

Krug, Arick, & Almond (1993): Sensory r = 0.59, Relating r = 0.75, Body & Object Use r = 0.76, Language r = 0.60, Social & Self-Help r = 0.57;

Miranda-Linné & Melin (2002): Nonresponsive Behavior r = 0.81, Infant-like Behavior r = 0.68, Aggressive Behavior r = 0.66, Stereotypical Behavior r = 0.63, Echolalic Speech

r = 0.74 Alternate factors identified
Author (yr) Sample Size Topic(s) Addressed Outcome
Eaves, Campbell, & Chambers (2006) 107 - Age Range: Mean age autistic – 96.81 mos. Nonautistic – 126.09 mos. Criterion- related and construct validity

Validity between ABC and PDDRS (partial coefficients) Total = 8.80;

Sensitivity of ABC = 77%

Specificity of ABC = 91%

Overall Classification Accuracy = 80% (two x two matrix);

When compared with PDDRS classifications, overall agreement = 85% with phi coefficient for nominal classifications = 0.68

Author (yr) Sample Size Topic(s) Addressed Outcome
Rellini, Tortolani, Trillo, Carbone, & Montecchi (2004) 65 - Age Range: 1.5-11 years Criterion validity

Sensitivity = 54% False negatives =46%

Author (yr) Sample Size Topic(s) Addressed Outcome
Miranda-Linné & Melin (2002) 383 - Age Range: 5-22 years Factor analysis

No data reported for the five factors

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