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Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB)

The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB; United States Military Entrance Processing Command, 2002) is a norm-referenced assessment given by the military to measure academic ability and predict occupational success.

Overview

The scores are used primarily to determine enlistment eligibility, assign applicants to military jobs, and aid students in career exploration. Eight test areas (general science, arithmetic reasoning, word knowledge, paragraph comprehension, mathematics knowledge, electronics information, auto and shop information, and mechanical comprehension) are combined to into three composites, or Career Exploration Scores. These scores help students understand their verbal, math, and science and technical skills compared to those of other students in the same grade. Summary results sheets explaining the derived scores may be given to school counselors to share with students and parents.

Summary

Author (yr) Age Range (yrs) Method of Administration/Format Approx. Time to Administer Subscales
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) United States Military Entrance Processing Command (2002, with 2004 normative update) 16-23

Individually administered, norm-referenced paper-and- pencil and computerized adaptive testing administered by the military at no cost to students in grades 10–12 and two-year postsecondary schools; 200 multiple-choice items assess academic ability/predict occupational success; results interpreted by military; report is available from high-school counselors

Yields grade-specific, gender-specific, and combined standard scores and

score bands for eight tests, three Career Exploration Scores (provided specifically to help students engage in career exploration); composite scores, percentile- based interpretations
5 hrs.

Assesses academic ability and predicts occupational success in eight test areas (general science, arithmetic reasoning, word knowledge, paragraph comprehension, mathematics knowledge, electronics information, auto and shop information, mechanical comprehension) with three Career Exploration scores. Each armed services area has separate requirements and separate sets of score derivations. The ASVAB report generates composite scores for specialty areas designated by each armed services area by combining various scores (of the eight areas assessed). Composites are compared to predetermined cutoff scores for the areas of specialty as designated by each armed forces branch

Availability: Defense Manpower Center, Personnel Testing Division, http://www.asvabprogram.com (administered by military at no cost to school or individual student)

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